Posted on Dec 27, 2018

    High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) is one of the most widely used analytical techniques. It utilizes a liquid mobile phase to separate the components of a mixture by forcing the components (analytes) dissolved in solvent to flow through a chromatographic column under high pressure. The mixture is resolved into its components based on the degree of interaction between the solute components and the stationary phase, defined as the immobile packing material in the column. HPLC instruments consist of a reservoir of mobile phase, a pump, an injector, a separation column, and a detector. The various components in the mixture pass through the column at different rates due to differences in their distribution between the mobile liquid phase and the stationary phase. Each protein has a characteristic peak under given chromatographic conditions and should have a reasonable retention time and be well separated from other extraneous peaks. Typically, the protein is detected using ultraviolet spectrophotometry.

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